Heat Pumps in Atlanta GA – What You Should Know About Efficiency Terms and Components

Published on: June 22, 2012

When it comes to the comfort and safety inside of your Atlanta, GA living space, there are few things that are more important than the health of your heat pump system. There is an entire lexicon that goes along with knowing how heat pumps operate and what standards heat pumps should be kept to during your routine air conditioner maintenance calls.

If your routine air conditioner maintenance calls do not include a thorough checking of your heat pumps, then make sure to begin including them in the future. In order to make sure that you are getting the absolute best service possible on your heat pumps, you should compare the licensing and methods of your technician to those states with the highest standards for heat pumps – Arizona, Arkansas, California, and Florida. There is not currently a federal standard for the efficiency or the productivity of heat pumps, nor their safety.

Below are some of the things that you must know about heat pumps in order to ensure that the professionals working on them are keeping you, your loved ones and your assets safe from the elements in Atlanta, GA.


1. Atlanta, GA does not have stringent state regulations.

This means that you should hold the technician who is conducting your air conditioner maintenance to the regulations and licenses of states with the most stringent regulations. The best repair firms hold themselves to this standard whether or not their particular state has implemented the standard officially.


2. There are different methods to measure the efficiency of your heat pump system.

In order to ensure the maximum efficiency of your heat pump system, you should measure the efficiency of your system by the following measures:

COP – COP stands for the “coefficient of performance.” This is an efficiency rating of the heat pump system in hot and cold weather.

SEER – This is the most well-known of all efficiency ratings for the heat pump system. Any time you have air conditioner maintenance done, you should have the technician check the SEER rating of your system. SEER stands for the “seasonal energy efficiency ratio,” and it measures the efficiency of the unit based upon the actual season that it is in. You would like to have a heat pump unit with a SEER ranking of 20, which is the highest ranking in the system; 13 is the minimum. Make sure that your technician checks for this no matter what state you are in, as this is the only efficiency standard with a federal mandate.

EER – EER stands for “energy efficiency ratio” and is a similar measurement to the SEER system, although not considered as relevant today.

HSPF – The “heating seasonal performance factor” is an expression of heating efficiency. You want a heat pump with an HSPF ranking of between 8 and 10, which is considered the top ranking.


3. You should be nominally familiar with the components of your heat pump and what they do for your overall system.

When your technician comes over for your routine air conditioner maintenance (you are having those, aren’t you?), you don’t want to be floored if he or she starts talking in code about the parts of your heat pump. The most important parts of your heat pump are as follows:

The expansion valve – This depressurizes the refrigerant and converts it into a gas.

The coils – Coils absorb and disperse the heat that is picked up by the evaporator.

The refrigerant – This is the blood of the system. It needs to be kept as clean as possible.

The compressor – This is the most important part of the heat pump system as it concentrates the energy before the expansion valve decompresses it to make it a gas.